What is Acne?
Acne is the most common skin problem faced by almost 85% of people in their lifetime. Though it is more prominent in teenagers and in people with oily skin, dry skin acne is also an equally pressing concern. Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that causes spots and pimples, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. Whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, and nodules are all types of acne.
It commonly occurs during puberty, when the sebaceous glands activate, but it can occur at any age. It is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars. The glands produce oil and are stimulated by male hormones produced by the adrenal glands in both males and females.
Facts about Acne
- Acne is a skin disease involving the oil glands at the base of hair follicles.
- It affects 3 in every 4 people aged 11 to 30 years.
- It is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.
- Treatment depends on how severe and persistent it is.
- Risk factors include genetics, the menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, using oil-based makeup, and squeezing pimples.
What are the causes of Acne?
General Factors :
- Human skin has pores that connect to oil glands under the skin. Follicles connect the glands to the pores. Follicles are small sacs that produce and secrete liquid.
- The glands produce an oily liquid called sebum. The sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin. A small hair grows through the follicle out of the skin.
- Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked, and oil builds up under the skin.
- Skin cells, sebum, and hair can clump together into a plug. This plug gets infected with bacteria and swelling results. A pimple starts to develop when the plug begins to break down.
- Propionibacterium acnes is the name of the bacteria that live on the skin and contribute to the infection of pimples.
Hormonal factors :
- A range of factors triggers acne, but the main cause is thought to be a rise in androgen levels.
- Androgen is a type of hormone, the levels of which rise when adolescence begins. In women, it gets converted into estrogen.
- Rising androgen levels cause the oil glands under the skin to grow. The enlarged gland produces more sebum. Excessive sebum can break down cellular walls in the pores, causing bacteria to grow.
Treatments for Acne :
The treatment for acne involves an evaluation of the individual’s skin condition by a doctor. the doctor will advise a suitable procedure to control the signs and symptoms of acne.
Some of the popular treatments include
Topical Medications: Metronidazole is a popular topical medication prescribed by the dermatologist as the first line of treatment for this skin issue. It helps in controlling bumps and pus-filled pimples.
Oral Antibiotics: Oral antibiotics like tetracycline are prescribed to control redness, bumps, and acne on the skin. They can also help improve refractory ocular symptoms.
Isotretinoin: Dermatologists prescribe Isotretinoin for treating severe cases of this dermatological concern. It must be used for 4-6 months consistently to get visible results.
Laser treatment also helps in effectively treating acne. Your dermatologist may use a laser beam of a specific wavelength on the affected area to shrink the blood vessels and restore healthy skin.
Visit #Skinshine Clinic and get a permanent solution for your Acne / Pimples!