Melanin (skin pigment) imparts a specific colour to the skin and protects from harmful ultra-violet (UV) rays. The increased levels of melanin, due to sun exposure, are deposited under the skin, which leads to skin tan, dark patches and pigmentation (brown spots). Although harmless, pigmentation is a cosmetic concern.
Acne causes spots and pimples on the face, shoulders, neck, back, chest and upper arms. There are multiple reasons for acne to occur, which include hormonal imbalance, stress, pollution, harmful cosmetics, smoking, drugs, etc
Sebum, produced by sebaceous glands, carries the dead skin cells to the surface of the skin; skin cells, sebum and hair can clump together to form a plug, which can get infected with bacteria and thus cause acne. Acne leaves a scar on healing, which does not fade away easily. The scars are quite obvious on the face and a cause of concern for many.
What are Chemical Peels?
Chemical peel is a cosmetic procedure to rejuvenate the skin and enhance its texture. It contains a mixture of solutions in various proportions. This treatment leads to exfoliation and removal of superficial lesions, followed by the regeneration of skin that is soft, supple, and clear.
Benefits of chemical peels:
You may notice the following changes after the chemical peel:
- Improvement in the skin’s colour, clarity, tone and texture
- Radiant complexion due to new collagen and healthy skin cell growth
- Removal of dead skin cells
- Reduced skin discoloration caused by sun damage
- Smoothened fine lines and wrinkles
- Decrease in the appearance of acne scars
- Reduction and drying out of active acne
Itching or burning sensation may occur after a chemical peel treatment, but rubbing or scratching the affected skin must be avoided. As the dry skin is more prone to cracks and scars, it must be kept well-moisturized for weeks following the treatment, until the skin is healed. Based on the peel used, the skin usually requires one to 14 days to heal; for deep peels, the skin might require up to 21 days. During the healing process, the skin must be protected using a sunscreen or other ointments prescribed by the skin experts.
Do I need multiple sessions?
Depending on the patient’s skin condition and the depth of the chemical peel, multiple treatments may be necessary to achieve the desired results; usually, 4-6 sittings are advised for the best outcomes.